Many since childhood love to travel by train - there is in this a certain romantic atmosphere, notes of nostalgia about past travels, which to this day give a surge of pleasant emotions. There is a category of people who experience nothing but irritation at the mention of railway transport, probably having survived one or another negative experience. But what is most surprising, there is a high number of people who feel a real fear of being at least next to the train. This syndrome is called siderodromophobia - one of the types of psychological phobias.
Phobia - the concept, causes, types.
The essence of any phobia is the irrational emergence of pathological fear or anxiety when interacting with a specific trigger - a situation, an object, or a subject. Symptomatically, it manifests itself as a series of physiological signs when a danger to life or health occurs: rapid heartbeat, fever, sweating, significant adrenaline rush, difficulty in respiratory functions, loss of control over the actions of the body, muscle spasms, dizziness are typical symptoms of panic attack, and in other words, a strong sense of fear. Characteristically, a phobia is a psychological disorder and most often there should be no objective reasons for anxiety in a person, but nevertheless, for some reason, the brain sends signals to the body about danger.
Causes of phobias
The reasons for a person to belong to a particular phobia are purely individual. The most common practice of occurrence of this psychological disorder is manifested in the direct contact of the subject of the disease with any trigger under the most unfavorable circumstances for this. An example would be the situation when, in the process of learning to swim, a person usually has a slight feeling of anxiety - his psychological barriers that can resist a panic attack before realizing the likelihood of drowning are subject to pressure, the nervous system is tense and the body is under physical exertion. In such conditions, if there is a real danger to life, and the psyche is not sufficiently effectively coping with resistance, there is a high probability that the fear of being in water again develops into a pathological form - a phobia of water fear, aquabophia. There are cases when it was not possible to identify the cause of the disease, and pathological fear was firmly taking shape. There are thousands of such examples, but the point is that no one is immune from this psychological illness.
As a result, human life acquires a lot of uncomfortable conditions, since at the subconscious level it tries with all its might to avoid a collision with a trigger or a situation that served as the source of extremely unpleasant emotions for the organism. And in the case of contact (not necessarily physical), the reaction can range from mild aversion to the extreme degree of anxiety hysteria.
Types of phobias
In psychological practice, today, more than 200 different types of phobias are officially registered, and this list continues to grow. Each type of phobia has its own distinct trigger, from which it acquires a specific name. For example:
- ablutophobia - fear of cleansing water procedures, washing, bathing, washing;
- bacteriophobia - the fear of all forms of bacteriological diseases;
- claustrophobia - the fear of being locked in a tight space;
- hemophobia - fear at the sight of blood, bleeding and distantly similar substances;
- sideromophobia - fear of trains, trains, traveling by rail.
Practical manifestation of sideromide phobia in people's lives
Based on the above, the reasons for the active manifestation of sidedromophobia can be any negative experience of interaction with railway transport. The conditions of occurrence can be mass:
- the walk by railroad tracks almost ended in death;
- during the trip the passenger almost fell out of the train;
- the terrorist seizure of a passenger train experienced personally or strongly impressed by watching a movie with a similar plot;
- becoming a member of the railway "accident" or learning about it from the news and so on.
In any case, regardless of the reason, siderodromophobia has a very unpleasant effect on the ability to use the functions of railway transport. This applies not only to travel by train, but also to all aspects of this branch of infrastructure.
There is a case when a patient suffering from siderodromophobia, undergoing psychological therapy, told the doctor how this phobia affects his personal life and the lives of people close to him. There was a need for the whole family to travel to the country, but in order to reach the site, a number of railway lines had to be crossed, which caused the patient to have a series of unreasonable panic attacks, even taking into account the fact that there was not a single train in sight, and the crossing was equipped with barriers. In addition, even the sounds of traffic in the vicinity of his stay caused significant irritation. As a result, it was decided to completely exclude trips to the territory of a country house, which made the whole family, to put it mildly, confused.
Another example from the life of the average clerk, another victim of siderodromophobia, who, by virtue of his official duties, had to regularly overcome the way to work on the train. Over time, in order to overcome fear, the habit of using different forms of opiates in combination with significant doses of alcoholic beverages. As a result, such means of dealing with fear strongly affected the overall psychological and physical condition, which led to the launch of complex destructive personality processes.
How to avoid sideromide phobia?
Given the very nature of the phenomenon of phobias, it is sometimes difficult to establish the true cause of the sources, and therefore describe the options for prevention. But there are generally accepted practices how to prevent the disease from progressing in the early stages of anxiety.
- Decide on a sidedromophobia trigger and acknowledge the problem. If at the sight of trains or railway tracks there is a feeling of anxiety, excitement, you should try to clearly identify the source and recognize the fact that this is the cause of fear and that it should be worked out.
- Do not get hung up. Victims of sidedromophobia, in most cases, initially emotionally deeply experience the situation, which served as a source of fear, go to bed and get up in the morning with thoughts only about this - this is a mistake. It is necessary to urgently find an object or occupation that will completely distract attention from the problem.
- Do not avoid. Most often, the victim is not aware of the problem and ignores the stage of its study, which closes it in the subconscious and gives the roots to germinate. At this stage, the phobia begins to take over, and the person unwittingly (often without even realizing) practices the search for thousands of reasons why he does not need or does not want to interact with the railway transport. That's when it is extremely important not to succumb to the influence of the voice inside of you, who in every way wants to save from the “danger” invented by the affected brain, and to go towards your fear.
Having escaped and closed off from siderodromophobia, at some point it will become easier, but you should not deceive yourself - the problem has not gone away, it will worsen and sooner or later manifest itself under certain circumstances of life. In order to regain comfort, it is strongly recommended to immediately seek the help of a psychotherapist, in order to conduct individual complex therapy.
Distance from siderodromophobia objects, in this case railway transport and its components, does not allow to complete the process of extinction of the conditioned reflex - fear when exposed to these threatening factors. Studies have shown that the best therapy to combat phobia is a gradual rapprochement with the threat factor until the conditioned reflex to it is extinguished.
In practice, it is necessary to regularly renew in small portions relations with railway infrastructure facilities. You can start small: walks through the railway stations among the crowd of passengers, walking along the railway, plunge into the noise of the movement of locomotives - imbued with the atmosphere of their fear. The continuation of therapy will be direct contact with the surface of the trains, visiting the cars. The final test will be a short-term trip to the nearest station and if everything went away without manifestation of siderodromophobia conditioned reflexes, it is worth gradually increasing the distance of your journey, which as a result will inspire confidence in the absurdity of accumulated fears over time.
In the complex, this is accompanied by preliminary procedures using the methods of cognitive-behavioral therapy and relaxation - systematic desensitization. The psychotherapist teaches the patient the basic relaxation techniques and carries out corrective measures.